Photographic Phrase Definitions:

Cropping:

Cropping in the photographic industry is a process carried out to bring out the relevant parts of a picture. The way it is done is by cutting out irrelevant parts of the image to draw more emphasis on the main point of the photograph. For example, if you have taken a picture of a house in the middle of a field and your main point of focus is the house itself, then you can cut out some the field area around the house. This makes the image smaller and viewers will be drawn to the house in the picture a lot more than the field.

Source: Own knowledge

Depth of Field:

Depth of field is the distance between the furthest object and the nearest object when looking through a camera lens. A camera lens can only focus on one distance at a time. So while focusing on the one distance, the sharpness decreases slightly on both sides of the focused image. Even though the sharpness decreases, to the human eye, it is pretty unnoticeable.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depth_of_field
DOF Image Source

Exposure:

Reserved for exposure

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Filter:

Filters are accessories that are fitted to the front lens of a camera, right in-front of the optical path. The most common filter used is a round glass or plastic disk. Filters give more control to the photographer, some of these filters can actually decrease the quality of an image taken. Whereas, some pictures can only be taken with filters. For example, a darker filter would be great for taking a picture in very bright sun.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photographic_filter
Source: Own Knowledge

Panoramic:

Panoramic photography is a technique used obviously by photographers. The technique is carried out by using special equipment that allows you to take pictures at a much wider view. Using a wide angle lens can give you the same sort of effect as a panoramic image. Any image with a greater field of view than the human eye (160degrees by 75degrees) can be considered as a panoramic image. The aspect ratio of a panoramic image is considerably bigger than a normal image. Both the aspect ratio and the field of view are important to determine what is and what is not a panoramic image.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panoramic_photography
Source: Own Knowledge

F-Stop:

Reserved for f-stop

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Iris:

Reserved for iris

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Optical Zoom vs. Digital Zoom:

An optical zoom lens on a camera allows you to zoom in on an object that is very far away. The optical capacity of the camera allows you to magnify the object you have in focus. When zooming in with this lens the picture does not loose any quality. A digital zoom lens however, still allows you to magnify an image but you get a lose in quality. Its very similar to magnifying an image on a computer, where you also get a lose in quality. The difference between both these types of zooms is pretty obvious and the obvious choice would be to use an optical zoom. This is because you can take pictures at a number distances without having to worry about the quality.

Source: http://beginnersphotographyblog.com/617/optical-zoom-vs-digital-zoom-whats-the-difference/

Mise en scene:

Reserved for Mise en scene

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Reflector Board:

A reflector board is used a lot in photography and cinematography. The reflector is used to redirect light towards the object or person you want to take a photo of. Most reflector boards that are used are in the shape of an umbrella because it draws in all the light and then redirects it as a concentrated light towards the object.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reflector_(photography)
Source: Own Knowledge

Rule of Thirds:

Reserved for rule of thirds

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Saturation:

Reserved for saturation

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Telephoto:

Reserved for telephoto

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