Notes for 19/09/2011:

Personal Development Planning (Dan)

Professional:

  • PDP can help with career direction. It lets me decide on what skills can help with a certain career direction. For example, I could have a bunch of skills in website design and development, but I am better at designing than developing. This would help me realize I should go down the design career path.
  • PDP can also help in decision making, this is sort of similar to the note above. Whereas, decision making could be for anything not just career options.
  • Competitive for the job can be helped by PDP also. When I know which skills I am good in, it will help me during the application of a job. The better the skills I have the more likely I will be chosen for a job, therefore, competitive against the other applicants.
  • PDP can also help greatly with talking to employees during interviews and so on. For example, employees ask you for your skills and most people say things like ‘good in a team’ and ‘always on time’. However, employees only really want to here about your real skills such as, PHP, HTML, Graphics design and so on. This will help even more with getting a job by outlining my actual skills.
  • With the vast range of skills and qualities I would discovery with the help of PDP, I can use these skills in different situations to help resolve problems. Sort of like a problem solving toolkit because all the skills I know could be adapted to solve many different problems.
  • As I have said before, PDP can help to identify my own personal skills. However, it will also help me identify what skills I lack in which is a bit of a negative, this negative can be put into a positive by building and the skills I don’t have or lack in.

Personal:

  • PDP can help with time management. This is because after knowing your own personal skills, you can adapt these skills to manage your time correctly.
  • You feel a lot more confident knowing which skills you have. It will generally help having more skills to boast your confidence level.
  • Setting personal goals is an important part of PDP. This is because setting goals can help you progress throughout a project, life and so on. For example, if there is a skill you want to learn or something you want to do, setting goals towards it can help you achieve that goal.
  • PDP can help with solving personal problems also by using each of your skills in a different situation. Also, with the development of new skills allows you to solve new problems.
  • PDP helps with social interaction and communication. This is similar to ‘talking to employees’ note above.
  • PDP can help with concentration by helping you keep focused on certain tasks. It is also beneficial to have an interest in the task itself, which helps with concentration.
  • PDP helps you deal with processing criticism.
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Notes for 16/09/2011:

Harvard APA and Citing Referencing

Harvard APA is used as a guide to reference materials correctly to ensure that work is stolen from others and credit is give appropriately.

Year 1 Module Notes

Creative Media Tech 2

  • The use of various pieces of software such as Photoshop, Dreamweaver, Illustrator and Premier Pro. These skills are to be developed in this module
  • Creating moving images using a combination of the software stated in the above note. An example put forward was that Photoshop can now combine and edit video footage.
  • 30th September, agreed lecture with someone named Tom (need second name). Will have to create questionnaire to ask him media related questions.

Digital Graphics and Interactive Media

  • Been told we will be promoting an entire business, this means a real client. This also means deadlines MUST be met!
  • Also told we will be creating the front end and back end of a website to give the business an online presence
  • Will be looking into what goes into logo designs and possibly creating my own logos. Will most likely include, what draws people to a logo.
  • Will also have to design and create the branding for the entire company, setting out colour schemes and so on.
  • Have to create a Indent for Heart and Sole convention. The best one will be picked and used at their convention. (Try to win…could open up job opportunities).

Creative Writing 1 and 2

  • Creative writing is tied into scripting. Scripting is used in a large number of media productions such as films, news, music videos, indents, Apps, websites, treatment, plots, games, radio and TV ads.

Personal Development Planning

  • Build on my professional skills
  • Self skills audit to decide what my skills are and how I can possibly expand on them. Not only that, but build my skills on things that I do not know much about.

Year 1 Module Notes

Work Based Learning 2

  • Work experience is optional in year 1 but is needed in year 2. College may have available sources to get work experience for me and I will have contacts myself to get my own work experience.

Developing Professional Skills

  • Self explanatory really, will be expanding on our existing professional skills.

Introduction to Research Methods

  • Do not quite understand why this is in the second year as we would already know how to research. Must inquire.
  • Will have to produce a disitation if I want to go onto top-up year to get full degree.

Media, Creative Writing and Analysis Phrase Definitions:

Anchorage:

Reserved for anchorage

Source: Link

Analyze vs Evaluate:

Analyzing is simply breaking down something into separate parts. This something could be anything, a problem or a project for example. An analysis does not need an overall evaluation, however, each individual part of the analysis may have its own evaluation. For example, there could be a number of causes for a problem and the evaluation could come at the end of one of those causes. Evaluating is more to do with seeing how good something is or isn’t. For example, someone may have built a program or website and an evaluation is needed to see if the program or website is working correctly. This is normally done through a series of tests on each element of the program/website. The outcome of each test has its own evaluation but at the end of testing, and overall evaluation is given. There is no way to say which is the better method, in fact both methods would normally be used during a project. The main difference between both these methods is placement of evaluation. Analyzing can be done with no evaluation but the evaluation method obviously does. As i said above, both of these methods would generally be used together, analyzing will come first and then evaluation.

Source: Own Knowledge

Audience:

An audience is simply a group of people that have gone to an event. Most of these events are media related such as festivals, concerts, live TV filming, cinema movies and so on. The audience are the people who witness these events.

Source: Own Knowledge

Balance/Impartiality vs. Bias:

Impartiality is the idea that arguments and justice should be based on facts and proper thinking. Bias on the other hand is pretty much the opposite. Bias is the idea of people bending the reality and thinking using their own logic with a complete disregard for factual evidence. In an argument and impartial person will weight up the facts and evidence before they pick a side. A bias person will think outside the box as it were, by ignoring evidence and try to think about the argument based on their own thoughts. The difference between this two type of viewing methods is pretty obvious. Impartial will remain a neutral person until they have all the facts, whereas, bias will completely disregard facts for their own thoughts and views.

Source: Own Knowledge

Cliffhanger:

A cliffhanger is a word used in TV, film and cinema. A cliffhanger is at the end of a production, where the story is normally very gripping throughout, but right at the end there is some sort of a twist. Now this is probably the most annoying and brilliant thing to come into television. A cliffhanger is used mainly to draw more people into the next episode of a show. Some tv and movie directors are very good at setting cliff hangers.

Source: Own Knowledge

Closure:

Reserved for closure

Source: Link

Conditioning:

Reserved for conditioning

Source: Link

Viral Marketing:

Viral marketing is promoting a brand, business, company or idea using known social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter. Many businesses now do this as a form of marketing and it have proven to work. The type of media used for viral marketing can be things like e-posters, e-book, podcasts, games, software and videos.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viral_marketing

Stimulus and Response:

Reserved for stimulus and response

Source: Link

Censorship:

Censorship is the suppressions of speech, actions, media and communication that may be seen as harmful or against the law. Censorship is normally complete removable of the harmful ‘material’, beeped out speech or a black censor strip.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Censorship
Source: Own Knowledge

Distribution:

Reserved for distribution

Source: Link

Time Management:

Time management is allocating appropriate time to certain tasks and activities. Time management is normally put in place during projects and so on. The way time management is usually recorded is through careful planning where time, start dates and end dates are laid out. The benefit of correct time management is so that you leave enough time to complete certain tasks and so you complete the overall project with time to spare to go over what you have already done. Its best to do this for any project but especially ones where you have a particularly tight deadline.

Source: Own Knowledge

Modernism vs. Post­modernism:

Reserved for Modernism vs. Post­modernism

Source: Link

Convention:

A convention is a large gathering of people who have a common interest. Most conventions have a single theme and attract people who have an interest in that theme. At most conventions especially media based ones, there are a large amount of demos.

Source: Own Knowledge

Decoding:

Decoding is converting symbols into information. The opposite of this is encoding which is converting information into symbols so it can be easily communicated between other people. A good example of this the sending and receiving of Morse Code. Someone would send Morse code symbols to another person, when the other person has this Morse code, they have to decode it. This is known as decoding because the person who receives this Morse code will need to convert the symbols into information.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encoding
Source: Own Knowledge

Demographics:

Reserved for demographics

Source: Link

Emotional Appeal:

Reserved for emotional appeal

Source: Link

Genre:

Genre is the type of music, video, film and so on. By type I do not mean file type, I mean comedy, horror, action, adventure and so on. All videos and films will have a genre fitting under on or more of the categories I have mentioned. Music still have a genre but they have completely different names, such as HipHop, Rap, Dance and so on. Genre is mentioned on the promotion of a film and each genre has its own target audience that draws them to go and watch the film.

Source: Own Knowledge

Hooks:

Reserved for hooks

Source: Link

Identify:

Identify simply means taking notice and analyzing the elements or characteristics of an object or person. Identify also means to explain what you have analyzed.

Source: Own Knowledge

Methodologies:

Methodologies are documents processes for managing projects. Methodologies contain techniques, tools and procedures used to store, analyze and present information. (May need better description)

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methodologies

Binary Opposition:

Reserved for binary opposition. (Found source, but do not understand it)

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_opposition

Subliminal:

Subliminal or subliminal messaging is when certain types of media have a hidden message inside. For example, a picture or very small clip would be played very quickly in-between a TV show or video. In audio, subliminal messages can appear during the playing of a song, or even when the song is played backwards. Subliminal messages in videos can also appear openly in a video. These messages are meant to be kept hidden from human perception but register in a humans subconscious. An example of subliminal audio messages is in some of Tupac Shakur’s songs. After the rappers death, subliminal messages where found in some of his audio, when it is played backwards you can clearly hear the words ‘Yes, I’m alive’. There was also a lot of speculation about subliminal messages in many of the Disney films. See sources below for evidence. Another way to describe subliminal is the fact that something has entered you brain’s subconscious below your perception threshold.

Source: Own Knowledge
Tupac Subliminal Message
Disney Subliminal Messages
Disney Subliminal Messages 2

Product Placement:

Product placement is where good or services are advertised other means and not the traditional ways of advertising through TV shows, news shows, movies and videos. (possible wrong definition)

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Product_placement

Harvard APA-Author/Date System:

Reserved for Harvard APA-Author/Date System. (read the chi online ppt and didn’t understand)

Source: Link

Feedback:

Feedback is someone giving their own view on something. It is similar to evaluation, someone will test out and give their own view/evaluation on something like an object, program, project, website and so on. Feedback is usually given in verbal form but can also be done in written for. Written feedback is normally stored and is part of the testing phase of a project.

Source: Own Knowledge

Suspension of Disbelief:

Reserved for suspension of disbelief

Source: Link

Mass Media:

Mass media is the collection of media technology including, Internet, videos, films, music, newspapers and radio. All of these are in reference to mass communication and the companies and businesses that control these mass medias and communications.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_media

Narrative:

Narrative is a sequence of events told as a story. For example, a movie may have whats called a narrator. The narrator will explain the story of the movie as the movie is playing. It is also used in television for such programs as documentaries and game shows. There is usually a voice over to recap the events of the show.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narrative
Source: Own Knowledge

Production Value:

Production value is how much a production cost to make or how much it will cost to make. (possible definition)

Source: Own Knowledge

Representation:

Reserved for representation

Source: Link

Repetition, Alliteration, Rhyme, Rhythm:

Repetition, alliteration, rhyme and rhythm all have the same similar meaning. Actually they can be split into two groups, first group is repetition and alliteration. Repetition is the repeat of words in certain text such as poetry. Alliteration is repeat of sounds that appear in every word of a poem. An example of alliteration is ‘love, little, lazy, laundry’. The second group is rhyme and rhythm. Rhyming is where words in a song or poem sound very similar, such as ‘tool” and ‘cool’. Rhythm is the smooth movement of a dance or the smooth sound of music, music with rhyming words or repetition helps with rhythm.

Source: Own Knowledge

Scope:

The word scope has a number of different definitions. The one the refers to this course is the scope of a project. Scoping out a project is in the planning stage. Scoping is where you have to anticipate any potentials problems the project could bring up. Not only that but scoping the project will give you an idea of what sorts of tools you are going to need, how long it will take you complete certain task and any special requirements that are needed to help complete the task.

Source: Own Knowledge

Codes:

Codes also have a number of different definitions. The one I think refers to the course the most is codes used to build programs, games, flash animations and 3D animations. Codes could also refer to information being converted to other forms likes symbols. An example of this is Morse code.

Source: Own Knowledge

Denotation and Connotation:

Reserved for Denotation and Connotation

Source: Link

Ownership:

Ownership has a pretty obvious meaning. Ownership is where a person, company or business owns an object, service or brand. Ownership of media products is normally covered by a copyright law that states that the particular media cannot be illegally copied or claimed by anyone else. Normal ownership in everyday life is if someone buys an item of clothing from a shop. The item will be theirs, there is no law that legally states that it is theirs but in the normal world, when a person buys something them self, they own it.

Source: Own Knowledge

IPCC:

Reserved for IPCC

Source: Link

OFCOM:

OFCOM stands for office of communications. OFCOM was established by the Office of Communications Act and grands the approval of telecommunications and broadcasting.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OFCOM

Research Strategies:

Reserved for research strategies

Source: Link

Interactive and Web Phrase Definitions:

Actionscript:

Actionscript is a coding language that is used in Adobe Flash. The benefit of using actionscript is that you can control animations you have created in a number of different ways. For example, a website can be created using Flash and you may have a number of different buttons that are used to navigate the site. In Flash you can physically build the buttons. However, actionscript is needed to determine what those buttons do, for example, this certain button sends you to this certain page. Other uses for action script is in creating Flash games, slideshows and possibly galleries. The actionscript turns an animation into something completely different.

Source: Own Knowledge

Bandwidth:

Reserved for bandwidth

Source: Link

Banner:

A banner in terms of websites is the first main focus when you go onto a website. A banner is where the logo, slogan, search bar and possibly contact details are shown. The reason for all this to be shown in the banner at the top of a website is so viewer know the what the site is called and what it is about as soon as they view it. Not only that, but a well planned banner will draw a lot of attention and even persuade people to look through the rest of the site.

Source: Own Knowledge

CSS:

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheet. CSS is a coding used to style a website and can be done externally, internally or inline with original HTML code. The most common CSS is external and is imported to the site using classes and IDs. There have been a number of different CSS releases, the latest being CSS3, which adds to the amount of style choices you can code into the site. CSS is probably the most important element to creating a website.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework
Source: Many private website projects

Data Rate:

Reserved for date rate

Source: Link

Browser:

A browser is a program that makes it possible for people to gain access to websites. Without browsers there would be no websites and no one will be able to view any websites. A browsers send a URL request or search request to an external server, the server then responds and brings up a website within the browser. Browsers are also used to download, listen to music, watch videos and so on. There are a large amount of different browsers to choose from, the fastest to date is Google Chrome, with Opera cutting in at close second. Browsers also offer a number of different browsing tools, such as tabs, pinned tabs, down-loadable extensions and so on. People look for these things when they want to change browsers. Website designers and developers often download and make use of all the browsers for testing website compatibility.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework
Source: Many private website projects

Flash:

Flash, explained previously. Flash can produce interactive animations. The animation itself is not interactive, but an animation that has been created in Flash along with actionscript makes it interactive. The example I used above for actionscript is a website with buttons, this is the interactive side of Flash.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework

FTP:

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. FTP is a client-server which is used to transfer files to an online server. The FTP client is mostly used to upload website files such as CSS, HTML and PHP documents along with pictures to the online domain.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework
Source: Many private website projects

HTML:

HTML stands for hypertext markup language. HTML is the main language that is used to create websites. HTML is coding that is used to create the structure and content of a website. Different from CSS which just styles a website. Just like CSS there have been multiply releases of HTML with the latest being HTML5. All websites have to created in HTML (unless there its completely Flash) and all browsers support the key elements of HTML.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework
Source: Many private website projects

Javascript:

Javascript is another coding language that is very often used in website development. This coding language is very different from HTML. HTML is used to create static web-pages, whereas, javascript is used to make these static pages, dynamic pages. There are hundreds of thousands of scripts available that makes your website become more interactive. For example, most slideshows and galleries used in websites are created using javascript. There are a huge amount of possibilities surrounding javascript.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework
Source: Many private website projects

Platform:

Reserved for platform

Source: Link

Interface:

The interface of a website is essential to get correct. If the website interface is not appealing then the website will never attract people. There are a number of elements that tie into the interface of a website such as, CSS, HTML, javascript, images and so on.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework
Source: Many private website projects

Interaction:

Interaction within a website is done through javascript and PHP coding. As I said above, javascript is used to make web pages more dynamic and interactive with galleries, user triggered events and slideshows. Interaction is key in a website, a normal static website is too boring and it doesnt attract many people. PHP also ties into interaction of a website. PHP is used so a web page or website can be interacted with in a special way. For example, PHP can be used to create login systems, which means that users can interact with the website to become part of the website.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework
Source: Many private website projects

Podcast:

A podcast is a video or audio file that is released upon the web. These files are normally consecutive episodes and can be downloaded as soon as they are released. The podcasts varies from games commentaries to interviews and this obviously depends on the person or persons that are doing the podcasts.

Source: Own Knowledge

RSS:

RSS is a kind of extention used in most browsers. RSS is a live feed of news, blog entries, music, video and so on. The user of the RSS can choose a number of websites to gain live feeds from, therefore, the latest headlines and points of interests are sent to the users monitor. The RSS feed normally has a general summary of the interesting information, if the user clicks the feed they will be presented with the source site and a full story from the feed.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RSS
Source: http://netforbeginners.about.com/od/rssandlivewebfeeds/f/rss.htm
Source: Own Knowledge

Streaming:

Reserved for streaming

Source: Link

Template:

A template in regards to websites can be made in CSS, HTML and even PHP. You can create a template HTML structure that can be used as the basis of many website. Because it is only a template, it gives a developer a good start, instead of starting from scratch. Not only that but the template will not normally be styled and therefore, developers have a lot a freedom. You can have template CSS code also, although most CSS code will be changed from a template, it may still be handy to keep a record of how you have previously styled a website, therefore, the same sort of thing as a template. Having PHP code templates is also quite useful because PHP can be a bit fiddly. For example, the PHP code for a login system will be quite handy to be kept in a template, for use in future sites (possible definition).

Source: Own Knowledge

WordPress:

There are two wordpress sites. The first of which is wordpress.org. The .org site allows people to download the default files to create your own Internet blog. The second site is wordpress.com. This .com site allows users to create their own wordpress blog site using the free hosting service provided by wordpress. WordPress is a blogging system that allows users to create an interactive and live blog. You can base your blog around anything but the main purpose is to get feedback from people visiting the site using the comments section. The difference between the .org site and the .com site is that you have a hell of a lot more freedom using the .org site. This is because you can download the files yourself and edit them yourself. This is something you cannot do using the .com site because the .com site sets the site up for you and restricts your access to the files behind the scenes.

Source: Own Knowledge

XML:

XML stands for Extensible Markup Language. The XML is a set of rules that HTML and XHTML documents need to pass in order for a website to function correctly while online on the Internet. XML is also referred to as the markup process. The website in the source below is used to validate and test HTML/XHTML documents, after the validation you are given a report that outlines any errors or warnings about your code. Errors will have to be fixed so the website will function properly and warnings are to let you know of anything that can prove to be a potential problem in a website.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XML
Source: http://validator.w3.org/
Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own person projects and coursework

Graphic Phrase Definition:

Bitmap vs. Vector:

A bitmap image is a map of pixels put together to make an image. Each one of those pixels has its own colour. When you try to enlarge the size of a bitmap image, it will become very pixelated and you will lose a lot of quality. Bitmap images have a restricted colour pallet of only 256 colours. A vector image can be scaled up and down as much as you want and you will never lose the quality in the image. Vectors have an unlimited colour pallet which also adds to the lossless of quality. I have had experience with both of these types of images and I think vectors are better. The reason i say this is that the good differences between bitmaps and vectors. First of all, vectors have a much bigger colour pallet which gives off good, constant quality. Not only that but vector files are normally smaller in size than bitmaps.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework

CPU:

CPU stands for central processing unit. The CPU in a computer basically acts like a brain of a human beings. The CPU takes in information and processes it and sends it back to the programs and applications running on the computer. The program of a computer gives the CPU the information requesting it to be processed. The better the processor the quicker the CPU can processes multiple segments of information at one time.

Source: Own Knowledge

Driver:

A driver is whats installed onto a computer when and external device interacts with the computer. If the external device is to be used with the computer then a device is automatically installed. Most of the time, a driver is installed when a device with a USB has been plugged into the computer. For example, if you had a digital camera and wanted to put pictures onto your computer, you would plug the camera into the computer with a USB cable. Once the cable has been connected you will be give a message stating that the computer is searching and installing the correct driver, so the device can be used.

Source: Own Knowledge

Dots Per Inch (DPI):

Reserved for dots per inch (DPI)

Source: Link

Font:

A font is the style in which the whole alphabet of letters is presented onto a document. There are millions of different fonts and new ones can be downloaded and created. TrueType is the file type used for fonts. A TrueType file will contain the whole alphabet in the the font face. Not only that but most TrueType files have the bold and italic versions included too. Fonts are pretty much graphics that have been created into letters and out into a file type that is recognized by computers.

Source: Own Knowledge

Typography:

Typography is considered as a type of art. Typography includes the arrangement of letter, letter spacing, font type, size and so on. Typographers do not consider themselves as designers because they do not design the font faces, they just arrange the way letters and words are viewed on paper or computer.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typography

Firewire:

Reserved for firewire

Source: Link

Universal Serial Bus (USB):

USB is a world know standard that defines and accepts the cables used as connectors to connect an external device with a computer. There are a number of different things that can be connected to a computer, but none the less, all things that are connected to the computer by a cable, will have a USB end. For example, keyboards, cameras, mouses and so on can be connected through USB.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usb

JPEG:

JPEG is a very commonly used file type for saving images. Even camera that take still photos will save the image as a JPEG. JPEGS are so popular because when resizing an image there is very little lose of quality. Not only that, but manually changing the quality of a JPEG image will also result in a small amount of quality lost. However, if you put the quality down further than about 50% then you will start to notice quality lose (Own experience).

Source: Own Knowledge

JPEG:

Morphing is a special effect that is used in animation and motions pictures. The special effect is the transition and morphing between one image/object and another. This transition is normally very smooth.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morphing
Source: Own Knowledge

Pixel:

A pixel is a single element that makes up part of an image. When you zoom in enough into an object you will often get to see small squares, each with a different colour. All these pixels together build an image, the more pixels you have to create the image or a part of an image makes the image generally sharper. When viewing pixels zoomed in, normally you will view them inside a grid. This grid separates each pixel by a very fine, but distinctive line. This helps with finely editing an image.

Source: Own Knowledge

Composition:

Reserved for composition

Source: Link

RAM:

RAM stands for random access memory. Need more, reserved for RAM

Source: Link

Rasterize:

Rasterisation is the technique of taking a vector image or shape and converting it into a raster image (pixels). The reason for doing this is so the image can be used in video displays. Some shapes that you insert into Adobe Photoshop need to be raterized or when editing the shape, it can become very pixelated just like a bitmap.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rasterize
Source: Own Knowledge

Resolution:

Resolution can mean a number of things. First definition is a computer screen resolution, which is the size of the display area of a computer. This is normally measured in pixels (1366×768 for example). The second meaning has more to do with graphics and that is the resolution of an actual image. More often than not, the resolution of an image is also measured in pixels but can also be measured in centimeters and inches. The resolution of an image is the area the image covers, for example 300×600 pixels.

Source: Own Knowledge

RGB vs. CMYK:

Reserved for RGB vs. CMYK

Source: Link

Animation Phrase Definitions:

Tween

A tween is a term and a technique used often in the Adobe Flash software. A tween is the same thing as saying in-between. In Flash you have two types of tweens, the motion tween and the shape tween. A tween in flash will automatically create frames between two key frames. For example, if you want a shape to transform into another shape as an animation, you can you a tween. You will have the starting shape in the first frame and the finish shape in the last frame (for example: frame 10). After that, you can put the shape tween in and Flash will fill in the transition between both start frame and the finish frame. Then when you run the animation, it looks like one shape is changing into another.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: My own previous coursework

Flash

Flash has a number of meaning and uses but most of them are connected to the Adobe Flash software and the Flash Player website plug-in. Animation ties into both the Flash software and Flash Player plug-in. Adobe Flash is a piece of software that is used to create very high quality animations. There are huge advantages to using Flash for animations because of the huge amount of tools and techniques available you can create professional animation that not many other programs are capable of. Not only can Flash create animation but it is capable of creating games, galleries, slide-shows and websites with the help if action script (see action script in Web Definitions for more). If Flash is used to create something for the Internet, the browser must have the Flash Player plug-in installed. Without it you will not be able to use any flash websites or web applications that have been built in Adobe Flash.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: My own previous coursework

Rostrum

A rostrum is actually a specially made camera which is used to animate still images or objects.

Quote: I”t consists of a moving lower platform on which the article to be filmed is placed, while the camera is placed above on a column.” (Could not reword).

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rostrum_camera

Single Frame

A single frame is simply a frame that contains anything from images to video to audio. A single frame can run for however long you want it, obviously if you want an animation, you are going to have slightly tweaked content in each individual frame. (possibly correct definition)

Source: Own Knowledge

Claymation

Claymation is a type of animation techniques used. Claymation is done by using clay or a similar materal to create objects to be used in an animation. The way an animation is made in claymation is a number of still pictures put together and when run, gives the effect of an animation. For example, a scene will be set up first, then the picture is taken. After the first picture is taken, the scene is slightly changed and then another picture is take. This will carry on until the desired amount of images/shots have been taken. All images get put together with a program that will run one picture after another at a certain frame rate. This gives the effect of animated objects. An example of a claymation project is the ever so famous Wallace and Gromit.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: My own previous coursework

Zoetrope

A zoetrope is another technique for animation. This type of animation is done through using a cylinder, the cylinder normally has a stick coming out from the bottom. On the outside of the cylinder the are a number of vertical slits, on the inside of the cylinder there is a number of following images. This images can be part of a story, movie or animation and they are stuck to the inside of the cylinder. If you hold the stick below the cylinder in the palm of each hand and spin it quickly while looking through the slits, you can see the series of images running in-between the slits consecutively. This gives the effect that the pictures are moving and that it is an animation.

Source: Own Knowledge

Persistence of Vision

Persistence of vision is a phi phenomenon of the eye. This means that a series of images are moving fast enough to be able to give the impression that something is moving. Each frame (image) must move fast enough to give the impression of movement and animation. Therefore, each frame must move at 24th of a second in succession to make this happen. This is known as frames per second and a 24th of a second is the typical speed used in movies and so on. There are a number of different uses for animation and using the frame rate mentioned above. Most animated movies use the 24th of a second frame rate as it gives a smoother and more refined animation/moving effect.

Source: Own Knowledge
Source: Own previous coursework

Cells/Frames

Reserved for cells/frames

Source: Link

Audio Phrase Definitions:

Boom:

The boom is a long pole attached to a microphone used in TV studios and film making. The boom can be operated from afar due to the microphone being attached to a long pole. The benefit of this is that no one needs to get in the way with a hand held microphone or unnecessary wires. The boom is used to record audio, generally voices of actors in a production that is being filmed.

Source: Own Knowledge

Audio Dub:

Reserved for audio dub

Source: Link

Cans:

Reserved for cans

Source: Link

Jack:

An audio jack is used a lot in television studios especially and even at home. An audio jack in a television studio is used to balance the connection between audio objects. For example, you could have a jack attached to the boom and the other end of the boom can be plugged into a camera or an amp, which can amplify the audio sound. Jacks can also be used to stable the connection between headphones and a stereo. Some headphones cannot be connected to a stereo because the connector is too small. If you use a jack ,then you can connect the headphones.

Source: Own Knowledge

Stereo:

Stereo has two similar meanings. The first of which is the stereo system, which gives off sound after a CD or tape has been put into it. The sound comes out from external speakers but these days, speakers can come along with the stereo (internal speakers). The second definition of stereo is better known as stereophonic sound. Stereophonic sound divides the sound into two individual channels. These divided sounds are then combined and mixed together, however, some elements of the the combined sound are sent to the left and the right speakers.

Source: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/S/stereophonic_sound.html
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stereo
Source: Own Knowledge

Zoom Microphone:

A Zoom microphone is actually a hand held microphone, the new model of the zoom microphone is actually smaller than a pencil. The word Zoom is the name of the manufacturer of the small hand held microphone.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoom_H4_Handy_Recorder
Source: http://www.zoom.co.jp/english/products/h2/

SoundBridge:

Soundbridge is a device that can stream live Internet radio and streamed audio. The audio that comes out of the soundbridge can be played from a home network, WiFi and even by using an Ethernet cable.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SoundBridge

Ambient Sound:

Reserved for ambient sound

Source: Link

Non Diegetic Sound:

Reserved for non diegetic sound

Source: Link

Photographic Phrase Definitions:

Cropping:

Cropping in the photographic industry is a process carried out to bring out the relevant parts of a picture. The way it is done is by cutting out irrelevant parts of the image to draw more emphasis on the main point of the photograph. For example, if you have taken a picture of a house in the middle of a field and your main point of focus is the house itself, then you can cut out some the field area around the house. This makes the image smaller and viewers will be drawn to the house in the picture a lot more than the field.

Source: Own knowledge

Depth of Field:

Depth of field is the distance between the furthest object and the nearest object when looking through a camera lens. A camera lens can only focus on one distance at a time. So while focusing on the one distance, the sharpness decreases slightly on both sides of the focused image. Even though the sharpness decreases, to the human eye, it is pretty unnoticeable.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depth_of_field
DOF Image Source

Exposure:

Reserved for exposure

Source: Link

Filter:

Filters are accessories that are fitted to the front lens of a camera, right in-front of the optical path. The most common filter used is a round glass or plastic disk. Filters give more control to the photographer, some of these filters can actually decrease the quality of an image taken. Whereas, some pictures can only be taken with filters. For example, a darker filter would be great for taking a picture in very bright sun.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photographic_filter
Source: Own Knowledge

Panoramic:

Panoramic photography is a technique used obviously by photographers. The technique is carried out by using special equipment that allows you to take pictures at a much wider view. Using a wide angle lens can give you the same sort of effect as a panoramic image. Any image with a greater field of view than the human eye (160degrees by 75degrees) can be considered as a panoramic image. The aspect ratio of a panoramic image is considerably bigger than a normal image. Both the aspect ratio and the field of view are important to determine what is and what is not a panoramic image.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panoramic_photography
Source: Own Knowledge

F-Stop:

Reserved for f-stop

Source: Link

Iris:

Reserved for iris

Source: Link

Optical Zoom vs. Digital Zoom:

An optical zoom lens on a camera allows you to zoom in on an object that is very far away. The optical capacity of the camera allows you to magnify the object you have in focus. When zooming in with this lens the picture does not loose any quality. A digital zoom lens however, still allows you to magnify an image but you get a lose in quality. Its very similar to magnifying an image on a computer, where you also get a lose in quality. The difference between both these types of zooms is pretty obvious and the obvious choice would be to use an optical zoom. This is because you can take pictures at a number distances without having to worry about the quality.

Source: http://beginnersphotographyblog.com/617/optical-zoom-vs-digital-zoom-whats-the-difference/

Mise en scene:

Reserved for Mise en scene

Source: Link

Reflector Board:

A reflector board is used a lot in photography and cinematography. The reflector is used to redirect light towards the object or person you want to take a photo of. Most reflector boards that are used are in the shape of an umbrella because it draws in all the light and then redirects it as a concentrated light towards the object.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reflector_(photography)
Source: Own Knowledge

Rule of Thirds:

Reserved for rule of thirds

Source: Link

Saturation:

Reserved for saturation

Source: Link

Telephoto:

Reserved for telephoto

Source: Link

Lighting Phrase Definitions:

Ambient Light:

Reserved for ambient light

Source: Link

Barn Doors:

Barn doors are an accessory that can be fitted to a certain type of stage light. Barn doors have 4 ‘door’ like panels, 2 large doors on the left and right side and 2 smaller doors on the top and bottom sides. The barn doors control the output of light from the stage light. The benefit of using these barn doors is that it stops light from being shone somewhere where it’s not needed, such as the audiences eyes and so on.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barn_doors#Barn_doors

Flood:

Reserved for flood

Source: Link

White Balance:

White balance is the global change in the intensity of the colour in images and videos. These colours that you change are the primary colours red, green and blue. The whole idea of doing this is to render neutral colours properly, therefore, making the image much more presentable.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_balance

Gel:

Gel is another stage lighting accessory that can be fitted to a stage light fixture. The gel extender (full name) is similar in appearance to another accessory called the top hat. The gel extender has a holder fitted to it so colour gels can be put into it. Once a colour gel has been fitted and the light is switched on, the light passed through the colour gel and portrays the colour onto the stage.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stage_lighting_accessories

Hard Light vs. Soft Light:

Hard light, when lighting up an object gives a special kinda of shadow. This shadow will have hard edges and even when shining the hard light onto an object with a texture, the texture will come out in the shadow. Soft light pretty much does the opposite and displays the shadow of an object with softer edges. The difference between the two is obviously the type of shadow the light will produce. Not only that but the type of light fixture used determines whether you get soft edges or hard edges on the shadow. After researching this I can see that hard light is good for capturing sharp pictures with a lot of quality. This is because the hard light can produce shape edges and even being out the texture of an object. Soft light would be used under different circumstances such as a model photo shoot possibly.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_light

Light Meter:

A light meter measures the amount of light. It is quite often used in photography to determine the correct amount of exposure during a photo shoot. Light meters are also used in cinematography where the light level needs to be measured before shooting a scene.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light_meter

Red Head:

Reserved for red head

Source: Link

Tungsten:

Reserved for tungsten

Source: Link

Tally Light:

A tally light is widely used in television studios. The tally light (also known as the ‘on air’ indicator) is used to tell people (cast members) who are facing the camera, that, that is the camera being used to broadcast at that time. The tally light will change a number of times throughout the filming of a TV show. When the light changes to another camera, the actors will have to continue acting while adapting them self to the recent camera change. Actors will normally have to face the direction of the tally light as it moves from camera to camera.

Source: OWn Knowledge
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tally_light

Video Phrase Definitions:

Digital Video Effects (DVE):

Digital video effects are effects that allow for a huge amount of manipulation with video imagery. DVE is similar to a device called an optical printer. Now optical printers are widely used in the film industry to help create special effects. DVE is different from optical printer because DVE is used mostly for special effects in TV broadcasting and sometimes live TV broadcasting.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_video_effect

Video Production Mixer:

A video production mixer, better known as the vision mixer, is used mostly in the post-production stage of digital effects. The video production mixer is used to switch between different video segments. For example, during a TV program scenes change constantly, not only do they just ‘change’, more often then not a transition effect is used between the two scenes such as dissolving and other transition effects. The video mixer is also used to combine multiple video segments using more of these transitions. This mixer is used much in the same way as an audio mixer.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vision_mixer
Source: Own Knowledge

Blue Screen Compositing:

Reserved for blue screen

Source: Link

Difference Between Normal and Live Studio Production:

Reserved for studio production

Source: Link

Aperture:

An aperture is a term used when using a camera. An aperture is a part of a camera that controls the opening in which light can pass through to the lens. The more light that passes through the aperture, the less focus there is in the image you are taking. However, the smaller the opening, the finer and more focused the image becomes.

Source: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_an_aperture_on_a_camera
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aperture

Aspect Ratio:

Aspect ratio applies to a number of things such as computer screens, TV screens, pictures, videos and so on. The aspect ratio is measured first by the width and then by high, in other words the x and the y axis of an image. A popular aspect ratio that is widely used with HD TV’s is the ratio of 16:9. Larger aspect ratios such as 1.85:1 and 2.39:1 are used in cinemas and theaters to give a much larger and sharper picture. The aspect ratio of 16:9 can be used for a number of different size images. To put it more clearly, if you had two images and one had a size of 16cm by 9cm and the other had a size of 16″ by 9″, the aspect ratio will still be 16:9. Aspect ratio can also be expressed through pixels such as 800×600.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aspect_ratio_(image)
Source: Own Knowledge

Chroma Key:

Reserved for chroma key

Source: Link

Cinematography:

Cinematography has a simple explanation but what a Cinematographer does is quite in-depth. Cinematography is the actual making of images and videos that are intended for the use in cinema. In other words, the making of a cinema movie. A Cinematographer is the person who is responsible for the use of camera, filters, lighting and so on. They work closely with the producers and directors of a cinematic movie to ensure that the movie is shot to the spec of the director.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinematography
Source: Own Knowledge

Codec:

Reserved for codec

Source: Link

Contrast Ratio:

The contrast ratio refers to the display of a system, commonly on TV units. Contrast ratio is the ratio of the brightest white to that of the darkest black that the system can handle. A ratio of 10000:1 is generally seen on Plasma and HD TV’s. This ratio means that the brightest white is 10000 more brighter than the darkest black, which in turn, gives of a bright display. Most TV units give the choice to change the contrast ratio of the TV. Therefore, it is effectively making the display lighter or darker, depending on your preference. A high contrast display is very popular and default on most systems as it give off a very clear and vibrant display.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contrast_ratio
Source: http://askville.amazon.com/contrast-ratio-worst/AnswerViewer.do?requestId=4666091

Video Effects Compared to Transitions:

Reserved for effects and transitions

Source: Link

Dailies/Rushes:

Dailies is a word that refers to the pure raw and unedited footage that is taken during the filming of a movie/film. The reason why this word is used is because at the end of ever day of filming, the raw footage is developed and put onto film. This film is then viewed by the director and some of the cast members to give a better scope on how the movie and it’s actors are progressing throughout the filming process. The word ‘rushes’ simply refers to how quickly the footage is developed.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dailies

Dolly:

A dolly is a very important piece of equipment used when shooting a motion picture/film/TV show. A dolly is a metal frame that is mounted on a track. A camera is then mounted on the dolly along with a camera operator to control the camera. The benefit of doing this is so you can get smooth camera movements. Because the dolly is on a track, and the camera is mounted on the dolly, there is less shaking, giving you a much smoother view through the camera. Not only that but because the dolly is on a track, the dolly can be moved wherever it wants to. For example, if you are filming a chase scene between two people, you can follow the action using the dolly.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera_dolly

Dropout:

Reserved for dropout

Source: Link

Dry Run:

Dry run is a term used for testing. This term is not only used in video but for everything. However, in terms of video, testing or ‘a dry run’ will need to be conducted to see if there are any defects within the video. For example, when filming, you record the sound along with the video, a dry run will need to be done to make sure the sound has been recorded correctly and there are no jumps in the volume of sound.

Source: Own Knowledge

DV/MiniDV:

DV is the format for digital recording and the ability to play digital video. The DV (digital video) is the standard protocol used by some digital camcorders. There are a number of variation to the traditional DV such as DVCPro and DVCam. More to add…reserve for miniDV

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DV

Edit Decision List (EDL):

An edit decision list is a process used after all filming has finished. This process is editing the existing film or video. The list contains the reels and time-codes of the film, which has been ordered correctly so it is easily found when it comes round to the final cut of the film. There are a huge amount of decisions that need to be made during this final cut. Segments of the reel could be cut and merged with other segments. This process will most likely include some of the DVE and Video Mixer processes. When EDL first came about in films, programs could not handle the process to edit and playback high quality images. As a result, the quality was reduced during the EDL process. These days however, programs and computers are powerful enough to playback high quality videos, making the EDL process easier and more efficient.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DV
Source: http://www.steves-digicams.com/knowledge-center/how-tos/photo-software/final-cut-pro-what-are-edit-decision-lists.html
Source: Own Knowledge
Offline EDL Source
Normal EDL Source

Floor Manager:

A floor manager is a member of staff that has control over the floor of a television studio. A floor manger is in charge of where the camera are, the sets used and goes back and fourth between the floor and the control room. When going back between the floor and the control room, the floor manager talks with the director and other produces on what is happening on the floor. The floor manager has a number of responsibilities including, lighting, making announcements to the staff and audience and making sure that the floor is clear (generally for health and safety purposes).

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floor_manager

Fly on the Wall:

Fly on the wall is a very unique style of filming, generally used in documentaries and TV shows. The fly on the wall style filming is done by using automatic camera that do not need to be controlled my other people. In other words, the camera might be mounted to the wall and filming constantly. The benefit of this is so there are no people getting in the way of the camera and so the people who are being filmed can act naturally without be distracted by a mass of producers and so on. A good example of this style of filming is the show Big Brother. Big Brother used wall mounted camera that can be moved and pivoted from a remote location.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly_on_the_wall
Source: Own Knowledge

Framing:

Reserved for framing

Source: Link

Frames Per Second (FPS):

FPS has a number of different meanings, the two most popular is First Person Shooter and Frames Per Second. Frames per second (FPS) is a term widely used in the media industry. FPS is how many frames of a moving image run in a single second. Most moving images a made up of a large number of frames. Most games these days run at 60fps which gives for smooth computer game animations and movies. The most FPS a person can see is 24. Most TV sows and film use one of the three standard frame rates, either 24p, 25p, or 30p. May video and film developers use 24p where recording because of the low frame rare look it gives off. This low frame rate is used in most films and recordings.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frame_rate#Frame_rates_in_film_and_television
Source: Own Knowledge

Gaffer:

A gaffer is a job title used in the film/video making industry. A gaffer is an electrician that is often the head of the electrical department. The gaffer will be in charge or lighting, this doesn’t sound like much there is a lot involved. For example, the gaffer will be able to transform the effects of midday into a nice sunset just by using lighting. There are many different effects that the gaffer is able to do. Not only does the gaffer deal with lighting effects but also the cables that are used to connect up computers, lights, cameras and so on.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaffer_(filmmaking)

Hyper-focal Distance:

Reserved for hyper-focal distance

Source: Link

Jump Cut:

Reserved for jump cut

Source: Link

Monitor:

Reserved for monitor

Source: Link

Doddies:

Reserved for doddies

Source: Link

Non-Linear Editing:

Non-Linear Editing (NLD) is an editing method used in the post production stage of filming. The good thing about this type of editing is that you can jump to any frame in a digital video clip. This means you wont need to play the whole clip to get to the part you want to edit. The reason why you can jump to any frame in a clip is because the clip is normally saved on a hard disk or other storage device instead of normal reels of film. The editing of a clip that is saved on a reel is known as linear because you have to watch through the reel to get the part you wish to edit.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-linear_editing_system

Out-Point:

Reserved for out-point

Source: Link

PAL vs. NTSC:

PAL is an analog television colour encoding system used in broadcasting to TV systems in a selection of countries. The PAL analog system is used throughout all of the UK, most of Europe and half of the South of America.
Still need more info…reserved…

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PAL
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NTSC
PAL vs. NTSC Image

Pan:

Pan is a method used most likely in the post production stage of filming. This method is used for adjusting wide-screen film so that they fit on standard TV units with the standard definition aspect ratio of 4:3. They way this is done is by cropping the original video images to fit this size. However, cropping has to be right to make sure that you are left with the key aspects of the original video image. Some producers and directors hate to use this method because you can loose anything up to 45% of the original video image. In turn this can drastically change the effect a movie or video is supposed to have on its targeted audience.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_and_scan
Pan Image

Quicktime:

Quicktime is a media player created by Apple Inc. The Quicktime media player is capable of supporting and processing a large amount of formats including, pictures, sounds and videos.

Source: Own Knowledge

Real Time:

Real time is a method used in media where the length of a story in a film is the same length in real life time. For example, if daily TV program has been shot in real time for 6 years, the actors features will be 6 years older at the end of it. The way TV shows are normally shot is one episode is shot on a normal day and just a couple of episodes later its Christmas in the episode. Real time filming of this would be all the days in-between the normal day and Christmas day being shot. Therefore, you get the full story in complete real time.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_time_(media)
Source: Own Knowledge

Scene:

A scene is pretty simple to explain. A scene contains a series of events shot in a single location. The difference between one scene and another is normally the environment. For example, one scene could be in a park with some dialog and so on. The next scene would be somewhere completely different like a shop. The dialog is normally slightly off topic to solidify the fact that there is a separate scene.

Source: Own Knowledge

Suspension of Disbelief:

Reserved for suspension of disbelief

Source: Link

Televise:

Reserved for televise

Source: Link

Test Pattern:

A test pattern, also known as a test card is a television test signal. This test signal is generally used when there is no other programs showing on that television channel. The test cards are also used to test a broadcast signal and identify problems with the signal itself.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Test_pattern
Source: Own Knowledge

Timecode:

Timecode in video production and filming is used a lot for synchronizing, logging and identifying materials inside selected media. While filming something, the cameraman will most likely have a laptop connected to the camera which is used to log the start and end timecodes of a shoot.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timecode

White Balance:

White balance is the global change in the intensity of the colour in images and videos. These colours that you change are the primary colours red, green and blue. The whole idea of doing this is to render neutral colours properly, therefore, making the image much more presentable.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_balance

Widescreen:

Widescreen images and videos have bigger aspect ratio than most other images and videos. Most broadcasting images and videos and at a ratio of 4:3. However, the aspect ratio for widescreen is considerably bigger. The aspect ratio used for wide screen is 1:37:1. Any ratios that are above 4:3 are considered to be widescreen displays.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wide_screen

Wrap:

Wrap is a term used by the director in film making. The term ‘it’s a wrap’ is used at the end of a filming session

Source: Own Knowledge

Portmanteau:

Reserved for portmanteau

Source: Own Knowledge